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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 1, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we have believed in nurturing banking relationships for centuries, because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the
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resources and stability to thrive. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. hungary ascenes in migrants are stopped from boarding a train to northern europe. leading the presidential pack, and they have one thing in common, they have never served a day in office. ♪ 's beat isny penny back. this south african art is nearly gave up music for politics, then
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a dj found his sound irresistible. welcome to our viewers on fellow television in america and around the globe. scenes in thetic hungarian capital of budapest as hundreds of migrants try to for austria and germany. scuffles broke out. the trains were stopped while the authorities try to check tickets and travel documents. >> their way is barred, their frustrations boiled over. hundreds of refugees who do not want to stay in hungary, but were prevented police from boarding trains at budapest's collective station. they are applying a new job.
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needeople to board they valid tickets and travel permission. there -- they are refugees, they just want to get to their destination, germany or elsewhere. demolished its internal leases, but without a travel document, you cannot travel through it. >> how much did you pay? >> 124 euros for one person. >> and they would not let you on the train? >> they kicked us. country. european the statue of liberty is here. i do not know where is the statue of liberty? >> this morning, they have been waiting in the station to board trains but were turned back. the nations are divided with how to cope with this crisis. germany says that all syrians fleeing civil war are eligible for asylum. and they want every country to
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take some. >> they should apply in every country of the european union. we are following the rules. we see every day how these rules are not put into practice in the same way everywhere. is taking a tough line. resort to more dangerous ways to move on. find a mafia? >> only choice. is from said on. she spent all of her money on a now useless rail ticket. >> what will you do now? >> i don't know. what can do? where to go? i don't know where go. me stay here. >> regular travelers can still
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use budapest a station. europe's leaders grope for a strategy. ,he refugees keep swelling hungry, desperate, and stuck here for now. laura: i spoke with damien at the train station and damien a short time ago. can you describe it be seen there right now. has it calmed down? >> it has, yes. the front of the station is still guarded by police. there are still preventing anyone who does not have a valid visa to travel within the borderless zone at the heart of europe from going through and getting on the trains. what we have right in front, as you can make out, sleeping here, some of the asylum seekers. perhaps 1000 or 2000 all around the station. down the side, down the walkways in front of me, all of whom are desperate to move on. they do not want to stay in hungary, they want to get to other countries, but for now, they are being prevented from
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boarding the trains. hungariansare responding to this influx of migrants? >> and a couple of ways. one response that we have seen us what we have here. the policeman on the station. the border fence that they are building by the border with serbia trying to what they say controlol the flow, their borders, and european borders. the hungarians are saying what apply theto do is to regulations as they stand strictly. that means anybody who comes in here at the first port of call in europe should apply for asylum of that is what they say can have their claims heard here. if they fail, they would be deported back home. are classed as economic migrants. if they succeed, it would be hungary that would take them in. the difficulty is that other european countries have different approaches. hungary is very frustrated that
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they feel that places like greece should do more to register people before they get here. the only way to deal with this is what all of european countries to take a share of the refugees that are arriving. laura: reporting from hungary. the numbers of people fleeing for a better life. this skill can seem overwhelming. tonight we have the story of one syrian woman who has taken a journey like so many others. she left her hometown after it was bombed. she paid smugglers for a dangers crossing by sea to greece. she continued by foot, car, and trade with the goal of getting asylum in sweden. 20-year-old ahmad luster father and her home in the syrian war. she is left her mother in exile in turkey to escape to sweden. >> i'm supposed to go. i do not have another choice. miles, through 9
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countries, she has to avoid being caught by the police. this --l goes north to the crush for buses at the greece-macedonia border. a week into the journey, her and her friends are exhausted. >> we want to have a bathroom. with hundreds of fellow refugees, the group heads north to serbia. town is crowded with the new arrivals. you feel strong? tired? >> they're retired tired, very sick. very cold. >> she avoids the queue for
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travel papers. she is desperate not to be found and fingerprinted on her way to sweden. in theory, you have to stop and apply for asylum in the country which first registers you. to makeher friends rush the bus north to serbia's capital. >> to belgrade? >> yeah. >> thousands of migrants sleep in the serbian capital. she has found a secret place to stay. eve of her attempt to get into hungary. if she makes it she will be inside the eu's single border area. >> than test it. >> hungary is the big test? >> yeah. desk, we watch refugees walk across the border into hungary where they will be met by the hungarian police.
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she and her group do not want to be spotted. late at night, they get dropped off 10 miles from the hungary border. is this the most important crossing? >> if we get there we are safe. we are safe, yeah. >> they had off in search of a way through. they film these pictures of their crossing. after several hours walking, they make it into hungary and what should be the safety of the eu's border free zone. and a trainudapest station full of refugees rings a new scare. in this city, her group hides in another apartment. the police find them and demand a 50 euro bribe not to take the men. .- take them in
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days later, from vienna, she takes the train toward her final stop. sweden. relax when she has crossed her final border. here we are. we are in sweden. >> yeah. it is like a dream, you know. looking through the window, at the train, where am i? i am going to sweden? now, finally, she can't reveal herself to the authorities. >> where you going? >> to the police station. >> what he going to tell them? >> that i am from syria and i want to have asylum here. >> her journey has taken 2 weeks. .t has cost her 3000 euros it has bought her a new life.
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reynolds, bbc news, on the migrant trail through europe. making a journey made by hundreds of thousands. in other news from around the world, police in lebanon have moved into break up antigovernment protesters in beirut. the demonstrators are part of is "you stink" campaign that triggered by uncollected rubbish in beirut. it has grown into a water attack on the perceived incompetence and corruption of politicians. points at the0 dow. a further lawsuit after more signs of weakness from china, the second-largest economy. u.s. stocks are coming after their worst month in more than three years. upon france's has declared that he will allow priest's discretion to forgive women that of that have had an abortion during the holy year of mercy. in catholic teaching, abortion
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remains a grave sin. preparations for the 2020 tokyo hass in suffered a setback with the scrapping of the logo. the logo is being withdrawn because it threatened to damage the reputation of the olympics under accusations of plagiarism. donald trump has new competition in the polls. it is not coming from an established politician, or even an up-and-coming lawmaker. his rival has never held office. we are joined to explain. what is the republican -- what does the republican party have against the professional politician? >> a few month ago, we would expect that our conversations would be discussions about the possible bush/clinton race. that still might be the outcome, but it is mr. trump that has dominated and stolen the limelight from the other
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candidates. he is not the only one that is an antiestablishment candidate. it appears that lots of people are put off by professional politicians. >> this was the summer of trump. how good is that for my ego? >> it does not look like his ego will fade as we enter autumn. he is still surging ahead, so is then carson and carly fiorina. the latest polls in iowa put them ahead in the race to become the republican candidate for president. none of them have served anytime in political office. >> it is a travesty that we would elect someone that has never held political office. he is a celebrity, not a politician. >> they need to have that experience -- i do not think they need to have the experience as long as they could do the job. a politiciano be at that level, of the president, they needed to be a politician previously. >> best served in other ways.
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trump has a business empire. carly fiorina is a successful ceo. in carson is a retired neurosurgeon and author. >> if you have money it is easier for other people to give you money. >> having individuals that have enormous wealth become leaders of the country is a big conflict of interest in my mind. >> history has not favored the political outsider, only one has ever won the party's nomination. wendell wilkie, the court reporter and industrialist that was the republican pick in 1940, but never made the presidency. is not 1940. it is 2015. what are two day's outsiders tapping into in terms of the mood in the country? of growing disenchantment with washington politics and the politicians. there is a sense that washington is not getting anything done. there is gridlock, talks of government shutdowns.
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and i traveled the country for stories, people do not believe that washington can get anything done, that is where a candidate like donald trump, carly fiorina, and ben carson, who do not have the baggage of washington with them, can step in and show that they offer something difference. to next day in the diary september 16, the next republican debate in california. we'll just heard that cnn, who is moderating the debate, as change the criteria with which candidates can appear on the stage. the could be the possibility that additional candidates could be allowed onto the stage. they could be widening the timeframe of the polls, which is short, could mean a carly fiorina, who has seen a surge recently, could be on the stage with the upper 10. laura: in terms of how this goes from here, do they have the organization to progress beyond the early primaries. .> these three have the money
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definitely, donald trump and carly fiorina. do they have the political machine to keep going, that is anyone's guess. donald trump keeps doing well in the polls and it is defying everyone's logic chariot i'm not saying that he is a dead set for the nomination, but it is anyone's guess how long he will last. us.a: thank you for joining still do, tonight's program, with the price of iron or dropping, australia is feeling .he pinch we'll show you how one mine is coping. authorities have arrested a second foreigners suspected of involvement in the bombing of a hindu temple in bangkok last month. the name and nationality of the man have not been released. he resembles a person captured on security footage leaving a backpack at the shrine. more from bangkok. >> we only know what we're being authorities.hai they intercepted this man as he tried to cross the border illegally into cambodia three
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kilometers from a regular crossing point. beyond that, they are saying they are not telling us his nationality, though there is a copy of the passport being circulated that appears to come from official forces that is a chinese passport. be very sensitive to the authorities, because of all of the possible theories that have been put out by the motivation of the bombing, is a possible retaliation for a thailand deportation of more inn 100 people back to china july. it is widely condemned by human rights groups, one that provoked angry protest in turkey where there is a lot of them -- and a lot of sympathy. embarrassing for the thai government and the chinese. six chinese and hong kong national died in the bombing. that is something that they have to handle with sensitivities.
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they have issued three more arrest warrants. one of them appears to be a turkish man. they showed a turkish identity card. woman thato a thai has been living in turkey, though she contacted the authorities and said she was not involved in a bomb threat. there is a wide network investigating the i involvement in the bombing. they have detained 2 foreign nationals. australia, the collapse of iron or is taking a toll. the country is the largest exporter of the essential ingredient used to produce steel. with china's economy slowing, prices have plummeted 70% since the peak in 2013. share prices have followed suit.
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>> in australia, this is what efficient mining looks like. each worker is applying more than 1100 kilometers to stop their shift at the mine. it is still early morning when they get to work. it is cheaper to fly them and then to build a permanent town. is what it is all about. the iron or in the ground all around me. it is dug out by huge extraction machines. it is shipped to china to make steel. this goes -- this mine is a company that relies on selling oil to make money. right now, they get 70% less for every ton then they did two years ago. work,y lumber up for
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everyone knows the price following means price cuts. most of them work 14 days straight before going home. it used to be 8. in the past year, hundreds of jobs have gone, and the company's operating costs have been cut by more than 20%. the profits are down nearly 90%. >> there's no doubt about it, the damage done is significant to australia and to western australia. the business is in a lot of pain. that means a constant drive for efficiency. many of which starts here at the mine's version of control. >> we know where they are. who is operating it. we know when they have been to the toilet. when they have had their lunch. we know everything in this room. >> china might be thousands of
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kilometers away, but this mine is inextricably linked to its economic fortune. the higher the price peak, the harder the fall. gets really tough. you get people -- you get companies changing. oil changing. the whole industry has gone down. it makes it hard for everyone. ali: do you know a lot of people out of work? >> yeah. it has been part. some people that should not have gone are gone. we all understand what it is. ali: another work crew heads home for a break. everyone is hoping that the price today is not here to stay. oore, cloudbreak mine, australia. laura: penny penny was a recorder in a studio. he persuaded the reducer to let
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him sing on a trap. penny penny.by when sales dried up, he swapped pop for politics and became a local counselor. it changed again when he got a call from los angeles. he is his story. >> this is for one million sales in 1994. this is 1119. this is a song that became -- >> i first discovered 10 a penny several years ago when a friend came back from south africa with a cassette for me. i thought it sounded really
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celebratory and powerful. i have been due j it ever since. it is pretty much a dance floor filler. label, itarted a wanted to include him on the record label. tracking him down he came priority. he found me in 2013. >> the first time i called him, he was quite open and friendly. i said, i am a guy from america. you don't know me, i'm a huge fan of your music. would you be interested in working with me? >> because he had an international career within africa, he was totally keen. i quickly found out that he was an elected official. i was shocked by that. >> this is a very big
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achievement. to me, it is payback. for the people that supported me for the music. i payback to them. ♪ >> when i started the record label, i knew that i wanted to reissue the penny penny cassette. spoke to a it lot of different people when i played it live. i always dream of getting penny penny to perform in america. i thought he would do really well and people would go crazy for it if there was a chance for him to play in big festivals. >> i believe that i can bring change entertainment. -- in entertainment. laura: any penny with his infectious laugh and his infectious tune. that brings today's broadcast to a close. you can wind more and more on
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our website. to reach me and most of the team go to twitter. from all of us at "bbc world news america." watching andfor tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries, that is the strength behind good banking relationships, too. which is why at mufg, we believe
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financial partnerships should endure the test of time, because with time comes change -- what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: and i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: on the newshour tonight: saying he is "well aware" of the pressure on women to have an abortion, pope francis gives priests permission to forgive them. >> ifill: also ahead this tuesday, fighting extremism in the middle east. tunisia grapples with home grown terrorism, and an exodus of young men who are joining islamic state militants. >> woodruff: plus, why race matters today. we kick off a year long series with a look at how economic mobility can amplify racial divisions. >> 25% of the gap in earnings between blacks and whites that is driven simply he

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